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Βυζαντίους. Since Otanes has to reduce Byzantium and Chalcedon, it is clear they had revolted against Darius (cf. 27) after the disaster in Scythia, whither the Byzantines had followed him (iv. 138). This is confirmed by the fact that Darius, who had crossed to Europe over the Bosporus (iv. 85), returned by the Hellespont (v. 11 n.). Perinthus may perhaps be added to the rebels (cf. v. 1). Antandrus and Lamponium were Lesbian colonies north of the gulf of Adramyttium. Apparently they had shaken off the yoke of Mytilene, but were now reconquered and remained later subject; cf. Thuc. iii. 50, iv. 52. Lemnos and Imbros were now first conquered by the Persians with the aid of Coes. For their conquest by Miltiades cf. vi. 137 n., and for Pelasgians there Appendix XV, 1 and 6.
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