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μέγιστον. This undue enlargement of Thrace arises from H.'s misconception of the Danube's course (iv. 99). For Thucydides' variant statements cf. iv. 81. 1 n.


οὐνόματα ... πολλά. H. names nineteen tribes: the Bessi (vii. 111), Bisaltae (viii. 116; cf. vii. 115), Bistones (vii. 110), Brygi (vi. 45), Cicones (vii. 110, &c.), Crestonaei (v. 3, &c), Crobyzi (iv. 49), Dersaei (vii. 110), Dolonci (vi. 34 f.), Edoni (vii. 110, &c.), Getae (iv. 93 f.), Nipsaei (iv. 93), Odomanti (vii. 112), Odrysae (iv. 92), Paeti, Sapaei, Satrae (vii. 110), Scyrmiadae (iv. 93), and Trausi (v. 3). Hecataeus supplies ten additional names and Thucydides (ii. 96) three. Strabo, who says there were only twenty-two tribes in all (331, fr. 47), gives five fresh names, while Pliny (H. N. iv. 43 f.) adds at least twenty to the list.

Τραυσῶν. The Trausi are placed by Livy (xxxviii. 41) round Tempyra (between the Hebrus and Lake Ismaris), and are thought to be connected with the river Τραῦος (vii. 109) which flows into the lagoon Bistonis (Bähr).

Κρηστωναίων (“ΓρηστωνίαThuc. ii. 99, Γρηστῶνες Steph. Byz.): the inhabitants of Crestonice, a district round the source of the Echeidorus between the Axius and the Strymon (vii. 124, 127). They belonged to the Thracian race, and during the Persian war were under the same king as the Bisaltae (viii. 116). In the Peloponnesian war part of the tribe lived near Mount Athos (Thuc. iv. 109). Their northern neighbours here may be the Maedi (ch. 9 n.). On the city Creston cf. i. 57 n.

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    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.99
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.109
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