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τὸν χρόνον τοῦτον. Sybaris was destroyed 510 B. C. (Diodor. xii. 9).

Συβαρῖται. These are the remnants of the inhabitants of Old Sybaris, who dwelt in Laus and Scidrus (510-453 B. C.; cf. vi. 21 n.); their descendants settled at New Sybaris, 453-448, 445-444, and finally at Thurii (443 B. C.), where H. doubtless learned the story.

Telys is called βασιλεύς in the Sybarite, but τύραννος in the Crotoniate story. Freeman (S. ii. 434-5) holds that βασιλεύς is used of tyrants only by those who wished to flatter them (cf. vii. 161 n., vi. 23 n.), but in ch. 113 Aristocyprus and Philocyprus of Soli are called indifferently king and tyrant, and in ch. 35 Aristagoras fears to lose τὴν βασιληίην τῆς Μιλήτου. Telys (Diod. xii. 9) was a demagogue, who having obtained supreme power at Sybaris, banished 500 leading citizens. These took refuge at Croton, which, led by Pythagoras, refused to surrender the suppliants, whereupon Telys declared war and marched on Croton with an army 300,000 strong (Strabo 263). It is curious that H. does not regard the fall of Sybaris as a judgement on the Achaeans for driving out their Troezenian fellow colonists. Ar. Pol. v. 3. 11, 1303 aπλείους οἱ Ἀχαιοὶ γενόμενοι ἐξέβαλον τοὺς Τροιζηνίους: ὅθεν τὸ ἄγος συνέβη τοῖς Συβαρίταις”.

Ἰαμιδέων: cf. ix. 33. 1 n.

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  • Commentary references from this page (2):
    • Aristotle, Politics, 5.1303a
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 12.9
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