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The tradition that Megara was conquered by the Dorians after the rest of the Peloponnese is clear and well founded: that it was previously Ionic (i. e. Attic) and conquered when Codrus saved Attica seems a later invention supported by genealogical myths (Paus. i. 39; Busolt, i. 219 f.). It would appear to be the Nisa of the Homeric catalogue (Il. ii. 508), and if so belonged originally to Boeotia.

δεύτερον καὶ τρίτον. The expeditions under Anchimolius and Cleomenes (ch. 63-5), unlike the first, started from Sparta (ὁρμηθέντες ἐκ Σ.). The second coming of Cleomenes (ch. 72) is not counted, as it was undertaken οὐ σὺν μεγάλῃ χειρί: it would, too, spoil the historian's antithesis. It is impossible to say whether this schedule of expeditions was compiled when the events of 446 B. C. or 431 B. C. had made Dorian invasions familiar to Athens. In that case the omission of all reference to the doings of Pleistoanax (Thuc. i. 114) and Archidamus (Thuc. ii. 10 f.) is remarkable, especially in view of the mention in ix. 73.

Ἀθήνας = Ἀττικήν, ch. 57. 2 n.

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hide References (4 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (4):
    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 1.39
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.114
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.10
    • Homer, Iliad, 2.508
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