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εὐδαιμονίῃ μεγάλῃ. Great prosperity, especially if sudden, would be to H. a reason for expecting disaster. The wealth of Aegina, traced by Athenian scandal to buying gold as brass from thievish Helots at Plataea (ix. 80), was really of long standing, as is shown by their separate shrine at Naucratis (ii. 178), the proverbial wealth of Sostratus (iv. 152), and above all by the Aeginetan weights, measures, and coinage (vi. 127. 3 n.). But H. depreciates the Aeginetans as foes and rivals of Athens. Here they break the usages of war; in ix. 78 an Aeginetan proposes a worse outrage on Hellenic custom. In fine, their expulsion from their island is but the proper penalty for their cruelty and sacrilege (vi. 91). Nevertheless, he allows that the Athenians were the aggressors in the original war (ch. 85, 86), and implies that they acted unjustly in retaining the Aeginetan hostages (vi. 86). He also states that the Aeginetans showed patriotism in resisting Xerxes [though they submitted to Darius (vi. 49)] and won the prize of valour at Salamis (viii. 91, 93). ἀκήρυκτον: a war without due notice, elsewhere an implacable war, or a guerilla war (Macan).
Φάληρον ... παραλίης: the port (cf. ch. 63; vi. 116) and coast region (Ath. Pol. 21). For the damage done by such raids cf. Xen. Hell. v. 1.
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