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On the Heracleum cf. v. 63. 4 n. For a similar coincidence cf. ix. 101. The distance from Marathon to Athens (twenty-five miles by the modern road, twenty-two by Kephisia and the hills) is more than an army could march after a pitched battle, nor could the Athenians leave Marathon before they were certain of the intentions of the enemy. But the voyage round Sunium (seventy miles) would take longer. Hence both march and voyage, placed by Plutarch (Arist. 5) on the same day as the battle, should probably be assigned to the following day. If the Athenians really by a heroic effort marched back on the actual day of battle, it must have been to meet a detachment carried by a flying squadron which set sail before the battle (J. H. S. xxxi. 104, and App. XVIII, §§ 8, 9). τότε: until Themistocles made the triple harbour of Piraeus the port and arsenal of Athens. Even if he began this work in 493 B. C. (vii. 143. 1 n.; Thuc. i. 93), it would not be finished in 490.
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