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τεσσεράκοντα. The number on the Persian ships at Salamis was thirty beside the native troops; on the Athenian there are said to have been only eighteen (Plut. Them. 14); in the Peloponnesian war the number was reduced to ten (vii. 184. 2 n.). The large number of marines here would only be useful for boarding in the old-fashioned style (Thuc. i. 49); their presence makes it all the more likely that the ascription of the διέκπλους to the Ionians (§ 2; cf. 12. 1) is an anachronism.

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  • Commentary references from this page (2):
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.49
    • Plutarch, Themistocles, 14
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