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Καλὴν ἀκτήν. A Sicel city, important under the native prince Ducetius, circ. 445 B. C. (Freeman, S. ii. 109 f.). This is another abortive attempt to spread Hellenism in the West. On the north coast of Sicily, which is almost harbourless, because the hills run right down to the sea, there was no Greek colony between Tyndaris and Himera. Hence the importance of Καλὴ Ἀκτή which faced πρὸς Τυρσηνίην. Cf. the communistic Cnidian settlement on the Lipari islands (Thuc. iii. 88; Diod. v. 9; Paus. x. 11. 4, with Frazer). Originally perhaps a military brotherhood like the knights of St. John at Rhodes, it became a nest of pirates (Liv. v. 28). The Samians as friends of Chalcis (v. 99 n.) were on good terms with her colonists in the West. Zancle was a joint colony from Euboic Chalcis and Campanian Cumae (Thuc. vi. 4), but seems at this time to have been a dependency of Dorian Gela. Μιλησίων οἱ ἐκπεφευγότες: i. e. from Lade (ch. 8). Thuc. vi. 4 says more vaguely (Ζαγκλαῖοι) ὑπὸ Σαμίων καὶ ἄλλων Ἰώνων ἐκπίπτουσιν, οἳ Μήδους φεύγοντες προσέβαλον τῇ Σικελίᾳ.
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