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αὐτοῖσι ... κατ̓ ἤπειρον: to the Persian army attacking by land (v. 117. 122), as opposed to the Phoenician fleet.

τείχεα τὰ ἐπὶ Θρηίκης, ‘strongholds on the coast of Thrace.’ For a list cf. Scylax, Periplus, 68. On Perinthus cf. v. 1 n., on Byzantium iv. 144, v. 26 nn. Selymbria was a Megarian colony founded before Byzantium, i. e. before 660 B. C.; Mesembria too was Megarian, the ending βρια being Thracian for city (Strabo 319).

οἴκησαν, ‘took up their abode in,’ not οἴκισαν, ‘founded’; the previous existence of Mesembria is implied in iv. 93.

For Proconnesus, Artaca, and Cyzicus cf. iv. 14.

Οἰβάρεϊ: probably brother of Bubares (vii. 22. 2), and perhaps successor to Daurises (v. 121f.).

ἐν Δασκυλείῳ. Cf. Thuc. i. 129; the third satrapy, iii. 90 n., v. 25 n.; cf. App. I.

Cardia lay on the west side of the Chersonese, at the narrowest part of the Isthmus (vii. 58). Loyalty to Persia (cf. ix. 115), rather than its geographical position, explains its escape.

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    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.129
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