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δευτέρῳ ... τούτων. In the next year after these things, i. e. 491 B. C.

Θασίους. Macan suggests that this second submission of Thasos is a dittograph, i. e. that H. gives two accounts drawn from different sources of one surrender. It is doubtless true that the accounts are quite independent, the second being perhaps learned by H. in Thasos. But the prosperity of the Thasians might well cause their jealous neighbours falsely to accuse them of intending to take advantage of the recent Persian losses.

Ἄβδηρα: colonized from Clazomenae and recolonized from Teos (i. 168 n.). It may, however, have been earlier a Phoenician station, since the name is Phoenician, and the early coins are of the Phoenician standard (Head, H. N. 253). It was evidently loyal to Persia (viii. 120).

πολιορκηθέντες: cf. ch. 28. The blockade showed them the necessity of equipping a fleet.

ἐκ τῆς ἠπείρου. On the opposite coast of Thrace the Thasians held Stryme, Galepsus, Osyme, Daton, Scaptesyle, &c. (vii. 108, 118, ix. 75; Thuc. i. 100, iv. 107). From these mines the state drew its ordinary revenue, royalties, &c., while the citizens were free from land-tax and apparently all direct taxes (§ 3). Thasos is said to have spent four hundred talents in entertaining Xerxes (vii. 118); its tribute to Athens at its highest was only thirty talents, which is, however, as much as was paid by any state.

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    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.100
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