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Ἄγιος: called Agesilaus in the list of Eurypontids (viii. 131). The reigning line was Theopompus, Archidamus, Zeuxidamus, Anaxidamus, Archidamus, Agasicles, Ariston, Demaratus: for the collateral line cf. viii. 131 n.
Χίλων: probably grandson of the famous Ephor (cf. i. 59; Hunt, Rylands Pap. i, pp. 29, 31), and brother of Prinetades (v. 41. 3), the father of Cleomenes' mother. ἁρπάσας: dependent on φθάσας. The forms of marriage by capture survived at Sparta (Plut. Lyc. 15); Demaratus seems to have turned the form into a reality. On marriage by capture cf. McLennan, Studies in Ancient History, I. ii-v, with Westermarck's criticisms, H. M. ch. xvii.
οὐκ ἱκνεομένως, ‘without right.’ Cf. ἱκνέεται, &c., ii. 36. 1; vi. 57 21, 86 a 3. κατωμοσίην: the oath of accusation, answering apparently to the προωμοσία of an Attic suit; it might be met by the defendant's ἀντωμοσία. Then the suit proper (ἐδίωκε) began with the proofs alleged on either side. Leotychides tried to revive the memory of Ariston's saying. For the court cf. v. 40 n.
ἐπιβατεύων, ‘taking his stand upon.’ The word implies that the claim was unfounded; cf. iii. 63. 3, 67. 2, ix. 95, and vi. 61 n., and the Homeric use of ἐπιβαίνειν. μάρτυρας. The trial must be placed in 491 B. C., when Demaratus had been king quite twenty years. The Ephors summoned must have been in extreme old age, if any survived.
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