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γυμνοπαιδίαι: one of the three great Spartan festivals, the others being the Carneia and the Hyacinthia; it took place just after midsummer (Thuc. v. 82; Xen. Hell. vi. 4. 16). Choruses of naked boys, youths, and men danced and sang in honour of Apollo in the Agora (Paus. iii. 119) and in the theatre just east of the Agora (Xen. l. c.; Plut. Ages. 29). ἄρχειν, ‘to be a magistrate.’ Probably Demaratus conducted the festival as Ephor (Xen. Plut. l. c.) unless he was one of the βίδεοι who supervised the youths' gymnastics (Paus. iii. 11. 2; Gilbert, i. 26). In any case Leotychides as king would have the seat of honour (57. 2).
μυρίης ... εὐδαιμονίης. The alternative, not seriously meant, is added for rhetorical contrast; cf. vii. 8. γ 3, viii. 68. γ. κατακαλυψάμενος: obvoluto capite, as a sign of dejection (Hom. Od. x. 53).
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