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Plutarch (Agis, ch. 11) mentions an old law invoked against Agis IV, forbidding any Heracleid to settle abroad under pain of death. But this law was not enforced against Dorieus, and if Demaratus was not son of Ariston and king, he was no Heracleid (Macan).

Zacynthus proved a less secure refuge for Hegesistratus (ix. 37 ad fin.). It is noticeable that Themistocles too escaped to Persia by way of western Greece (Thuc. i. 136, 137). According to Xenophon (Hell. iii. i. 6; cf. Anab. ii. 1. 3, vii. 8. 17) Xerxes gave Demaratus the cities Pergamus, Halisarna, and Teuthrania in the Troad, which his descendants, Procles and Eurysthenes, still retained. We may compare the rewards given to Gongylus, the Eretrian traitor (Xen. Hell. iii. 1. 6), to Themistocles (Thuc. i. 138), and to Histiaeus and Coes (v. 11).

Λακεδαιμονίοισι, ‘in the opinion of the Spartans’; cf. iii. 88. 2. Their opinion is not justified by his recorded deeds or sayings (Plut. Mor. 220). He plays a greater part at the Persian court (vii. 3, 101 f., 209, 234 f.).

προσέβαλε: conferred on them the honour of an Olympic victory, perhaps by having the victory proclaimed in the name of the city and not in his own (cf. 103. 2). For the irregular construction cf. i. 85. 1.

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  • Commentary references from this page (3):
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.136
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.138
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 3.1.6
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