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ἐστρατήγησε. Two tyrants, Aristomedes and Angelus, are said to have been expelled (Plut. de Mal. 21). This expedition is usually placed soon after the repulse of Xerxes, and regarded as an attempt to punish the Medism of the Aleuadae, the princes of Larisa (cf. vii. 6, 130, ix. 58; Paus. iii. 7. 9), as Thebes had been already punished (ix. 86 f.), and as it was proposed to punish other traitors (cf. vii. 132, 213). Busolt (iii. 80-7) takes the expedition as part of the Spartan policy of turning the Amphictyonic league into a weapon against Medism, and fixes the expedition with Duncker in 476 B. C., explaining the erroneous dating of the reign of Archidamus in Diodorus (xii. 35) 476-434 B. C., as due to a confusion between the banishment of Leotychides 476 B. C. and his death 469 B. C. E. Meyer, however (F. ii. 504-9), argues that the crown passed to Archidamus, not at the death, but on the exile of Leotychides (Thuc. iii. 26, v. 16; Xen. Hell. iii. 5. 25, v. 2. 6), and therefore that the exile of Leotychides must be placed in 469-468 and the expedition shortly before, as soon as Sparta had put down opposition in the Peloponnese. In view, however, of the case of Agesipolis, whose twenty years in exile are reckoned in his reign (Diod. xiii. 75), Busolt's solution is preferable. (For another suggestion cf. Grote abridged, 273, ed. note.)
δικαστήριον: for the court cf. v. 40 n. The Spartans were considered corruptible (iii. 56), and the charge is specifically made against both Ephors and Gerontes (Ar. Pol. ii. 9, 1270 b 9 f., 1271 a 3). Of the kings Cleomenes resists Maeandrius (iii. 148), and with difficulty Aristagoras (v. 51 f.), yet he is suspect in the case of Argos (ch. 82), while Pleistoanax and his adviser were bribed by Pericles (Thuc. v. 16; Plut. Per. 22). Of other distinguished Spartans, Eurybiades was believed to have been bribed by Themistocles (viii. 5), and Pausanias trusted to bribery to secure his acquittal (Thuc. i. 131). Τεγέην. So Hegesistratus took refuge in Tegea (ix. 37. 4), as did the king Pausanias in the temple of Athena Alea (Paus. iii. 5. 6).
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