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The arguments for dating this war between Sparta and Argos after 500 B. C., and not (with Paus. iii. 4. 1) just after 520 B. C., are given in Appendix XVII, § 3.
Στυμφηλίδος λίμνης. The lake of Stymphalus, near the foot of Mount Cyllene, may be 1 1/2 miles in length and half a mile in breadth, but its area has varied greatly at different times. An escarpment of rock runs down sheer into the water, and at the foot of this there is an arched cavern through which the lake is discharged (Tozer, G. p. 112). The view that the water which here enters the cavern reappears as the Erasinus near Argos is still held by the natives of the valley, and is generally accepted, though the distance (thirty miles) is much greater than the length of any of the other subterraneous rivers of the Peloponnese, and several high mountains and intersecting ridges intervene (Leake, Morea, iii. 113; cf. further Frazer, Paus. iv. 268-75).
Ἐρασίνου. The river Erasinus was at that time the southern boundary of Argolis; Cleomenes sacrificed to the river-god (αὐτῷ） the usual διαβατήρια (cf. Thuc. v. 54), but the omens were unfavourable (οὐκ ἐκαλλιέρεε) (cf. ix. 36, 38). Θυρέην: in Spartan territory (i. 82), and near the shore (Thuc. iv. 57). ταῦρον: so Od. iii. 6. The Pylians sacrifice ταύρους παμμέλανας, ἐνοσίχθονι κυανοχαίτῃ. πλοίοισι: supplied by Sicyon and Aegina, in spite of the suzerainty claimed by Argos over both cities; cf. ch. 92. Macan suggests that the demonstration on the Erasinus was a feint to draw the Argives away from the city, as the ships must have been summoned beforehand.
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