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Πέρσης: the Persian king (i. 80. 4; ii. 137. 2) resumed in Δαρεῖος (cf. vii. 165; v. 1. 2).

Πεισιστρατιδέων. In v. 96 (circ. 507) Hippias is intriguing from Sigeium, in 490 (as later, vii. 6) Pisistratidae are at the Persian court; cf. Thuc. vi. 59.

Μῆδον. Medes were occasionally employed in high commands, Mazares (i. 156 f.) and Harpagus (i. 162 f.) by Cyrus, the sons of Datis (vii. 38) by Xerxes, and by Darius earlier in his reign, Tachamaspates, and Intaphres (Behist. Inscr. ii. 14. 6; iii. 14. 3). Here Datis is evidently in command; Artaphrenes, who was probably still young, seems to hold an honorary position. He is son (vii. 74) of Artaphrenes, brother of Darius, once satrap of Sardis (v. 25 f.).

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    • Thucydides, Histories, 6.59
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