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μηδένα depends on the negation implied in ῥύσεται; cf. i. 86. 2, v. 101. 1, ix. 12. 1; Goodwin, § 807 f.


For the genealogy cf. App. IV, § 3.


ὑπὸ Ἕλλησι. The idea of a Greek conquest of Asia could not have occurred to Xerxes, or even to a Greek in 481 B. C.; it was the result of the victories of Cimon.

τὸ μέσον, ‘there is no middle course left in this quarrel.’


τὸ δεινόν: refers ironically to 10. α 2, β 2.

Φρύξ: so 8. γ 1; Soph. Aj. 1292. More correctly, as son of Tantalus, Λυδός (Pind. Ol. i. 24, ix. 9); cf. Strabo 665 οἱ ποιηταὶ δὲ μάλιστα οἱ τραγικοὶ συγχέοντες τὰ ἔθνη τοὺς Τρῶας καὶ τοὺς Μυσοὶς καὶ τοὺς Λυδοὺς Φρύγας προσαγορεύουσιν. Here it is appropriate as a common name for slaves.

πατέρων. The Persians regarded all Asia as their own (i. 4. 4; ix. 116. 3), but the claim here made may be founded on a mythical descent (ch. 61. 2, 3) from Perseus and Andromeda (ch. 150. 2), daughter of Cepheus, brother of Ninus, who extended the sway of Assyria over Phrygia and Lydia (i. 7). The Persian king might claim to be the legitimate successor of the Assyrian.

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