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For Xerxes' route cf. ch. 121 n.

The tribes are enumerated roughly from east to west.

Παῖτοι: near the mouth of the Hebrus; cf. Arrian, Anab. i. 11. 4.

Κίκονες: near Mount Ismarus; cf. 59. 3, 108. 3 n.

Σαπαῖοι (cf. Appian, B.C. iv. 105): east of Philippi (Daton) and opposite Thasos.

Δερσαῖοι (cf. Thuc. ii. 101): apparently an inland tribe north of the Sapaei.

Ἠδωνοί: reaching to the Strymon (v. 11. 2 n.; vii. 114. 1; ix. 75). They had once dwelt between the Axius and the Strymon in Mygdonia, but had been driven thence by the Macedonian kings (Thuc. ii. 99).

Σάτραι: in the hill country behind the Edonians between the Nestus and the Strymon.

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  • Commentary references from this page (2):
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.101
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.99
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