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For Xerxes' route cf. ch. 121 n.

The Pierians, like the Edones (ch. 110) and the Bottiaei, were driven from their homes in Macedonia, just north of Mount Olympus (cf. ch. 131), by the Temenid kings ( Thuc. ii. 99οἳ ὕστερον ὑπὸ τὸ Πάγγαιον πέραν Στρυμόνος ὤκησαν Φάγρητα καὶ ἄλλα χωρία κτλ.”). The name Pieria clung to their old home.

Φάγρης: the first place east of the Strymon's mouth (Scylax 68; Strabo 331, fr. 33), perhaps Orfana.

τὸ Πάγγαιον ὄρος: reaches the river Strymon, lying between its tributary the Angites and the sea; cf. v. 16. 1.

Ὀδόμαντοι: cf. v. 16. 1 n.

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    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.99
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