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Ἄργιλον. Like Stagirus and Acanthus an Andrian colony (Thuc. iv. 84, 88, 103).

Βισαλτίη. The Bisaltae, though conquered by Macedon (Thuc. ii. 99), preserved their nationality for centuries (Liv. xlv. 29, 30). They were famed for bravery; cf. viii. 116.

Συλέος πεδίου. Apparently the valley through which the waters of Lake Bolbe reach the sea (Thuc. iv. 103); probably Xerxes marched up this valley and then by Lerigova, not along the coast (cf. W. F. Anderson in Papers of the University College, Sheffield, 1897). Syleus was a son of Poseidon (cf. Ποσιδηίον), slain by Heracles for mishandling strangers (Apoll. ii. 6. 3).

Στάγιρον has been placed at Nisvoro (Bowen) and at Stavros (Leake), but the identifications are quite uncertain (Anderson, op. cit. p. 226).

Ἄκανθος: Hierissos; a most important station, as in the expedition of Mardonius (vi. 44. 2). It has an excellent harbour, giving shelter in all weathers, an advantage not found elsewhere on this coast (Anderson, op. cit. p. 221).

ὁμοίως ... κατέλεξα: shortened for ὁμοίως καὶ ἑκάστου ἠγάγετο τῶν . . . κατέλεξα: the reference is to ch. 110.

This vetus via regia was still in use 185 B.C. (Liv. xxxix. 27). No doubt the well-made Persian road (cf. v. 52) was a precious possession to the inhabitants.

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  • Commentary references from this page (3):
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.99
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.103
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.84
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