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Λυδίης (also Λουδίας and Λοιδίας) is the Karasmak or Mavronero flowing from Almopia through lake Borborus. Ἁλιάκμων is the Vistritza, rising in Orestis. At present the Lydias joins the Axius (Vardhar) near its mouth. From the time of Scylax (550 B.C.) to that of Ptolemy (A. D. 140) all three streams seem to have had distinct mouths (Scylax, Periplus 67; Strabo 330, fr. 20; Ptolemy, iii. 12 f.). In alluvial plains and marshes (as e.g. Babylonia) such changes in the courses of rivers are frequent. οἳ οὐρίζουσι: i.e. after their union; further up the Lydias was the boundary. Μακεδονίδα: the supposed original home of the Macedonians, to be distinguished from the wider term Μακεδονίη (v. 17. 2, &c.). It includes only the original principality of the Temenid house (cf. viii. 138. 2), i.e. the plain between the Haliacmon and the Axius with the spurs of Mount Bermius; its capital is Edessa or Aegae. With Pieria and Bottiaea it is called (ch. 173. 1) ἡ κάτω Μακεδονίη in contrast with ἡ ἄνω Μακεδονίη (ch. 128. 1, 173. 4), yet apparently this upper country was the home of the true Macedonians (cf. Thuc. ii. 99).
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