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τῶν ἐν Σικελίῃ οἰκημένων: i. e. the Greeks; cf. 153. 4. The story was doubtless told H. in Sicily.

Thero became tyrant 488, died 472 B. C. On his descent cf. 154. 1 n. His daughter Demarete married Gelo, and he himself the daughter or sister of Polyzelus, Gelo's brother (Schol. Pind. Ol. ii). Agrigentum (Girgenti) was founded from Gela circ. 582 B. C. (Thuc. vi. 4). For descriptions of the site cf. Polyb. ix. 27, and Freeman, S. ii. 224-31, and for the temples id. ii. 79-81 and 402-7.

The Carthaginian army here, as elsewhere, is composed mainly of mercenaries (Polyb. i. 67). The Phoenicians are native Carthaginians, the Libyans their African subjects. Spaniards and Ligurians recur frequently in the Punic armies (Diod. xiii. 44, xvi. 73; Polyb. i. 17, 67, &c.). Diodorus mistakenly adds (xi. 1) Italian mercenaries, troops not employed by Carthage before 409 B.C. (Diod. xiii. 44, &c.), and Celts who are first really used in 343 B. C. (Diod. xvi. 73).

Ἐλισύκων: reckoned by Hecataeus (fr. 20; F. H. G. i. 2; Steph. Byz. s. v.) a Ligurian tribe, a view confirmed by his statement that Massilia was Ligurian, inhabited the coast from the Pyrenees to the mouth of the Rhone, until they were destroyed by the Celtic incursion (third century B. C.). Narbo was their capital (Avienus, Ora Marit. 586). The Ligurians (cf. v. 9. 3) had once also stretched from the mouth of the Rhone to that of Arno (Scyl. 41; Polyb. ii. 16. 2; Nissen, It. i. 470. 1).

The number, 300,000, though repeated by Diodorus (xi. 20) following Timaeus (?), may be only an effort of Siceliot patriotic imagination unwilling that Hamilcar should have less troops than Mardonius (H. ix. 32), as the 3,000 transport-ships equal in number those of Xerxes (vii. 97, 104), though 200 triremes are likely enough (cf. Meltzer, Karthager, i. 193).

τὸν Ἄννωνος. According to Trogus Pompeius (Justin xix. 1) Hamilcar was the son of Mago.

βασιλέα: i. e. suffete. Aristotle distinguishes ‘the kings’ from the generals (Pol. ii. 11), but the offices seem to have been held together in great emergencies (Diod. xiii. 43; xiv. 54). He compares the suffetes to the Spartan kings, save that the office was not hereditary, but elective (cf. κατ᾽ ἀνδραγαθίην, ch. 166). Nepos distinctly declares (Hann. 7) there were two suffetes elected annually, and this is confirmed by their comparison with the consuls (Liv. xxx. 7) and the parallel case of Gades (Liv. xxviii. 37). For full details cf. Meltzer, op. cit. ii. 64-72, 482-7.

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  • Commentary references from this page (3):
    • Pindar, Olympian, 2
    • Thucydides, Histories, 6.4
    • Cornelius Nepos, Hannibal, 7
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