This text is part of:
Table of Contents:
Ἀχαιίης (sc. τῆς Φθιώτιδος); cf. 132. 1 n. and 196-8.
ἐστρατήγεε. The command in war was a royal prerogative (vi. 56 n.; Ar. Pol. vi. 14. 2 f., 1285 a), but on distant or less important expeditions, it was at times given to private Spartans, e. g. Anchimolius (v. 63) and Brasidas in Thrace. Possibly the number of Spartans sent to Tempe was not great, for Sparta was unwilling to send large forces so far from home (ix. 8-10). For Εὐαίνετος Diodorus (xi. 2) reads Σύνετος, surely by a clerical error (J. H. S. xxii. 305 n.). The polemarchs were, next to the king, the highest Spartan officers (Thuc. v. 66), commanding the λόχοι at Mantinea in 418 B. C. (Thuc. v. 71), and later the μόραι (Xen. Hell. v. 4. 46). Plutarch (de Mal. 31; Mor. 864) adds 500 Thebans under Mnamias.
For Alexander cf. v. 17-22 nn.; viii. 136-40; ix. 44, 45.
ἄλλην: on the passes leading into Thessaly cf. ch. 128. 1 n. Had there been only the mountain path over southern Olympus the Greeks could very well have held it as they did Anopaea (ch. 217), but Xerxes might and probably did use the more distant passes of Petra and Volustana. Cf. App. XX, § 4.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.
An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.