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Ἀχαιίης (sc. τῆς Φθιώτιδος); cf. 132. 1 n. and 196-8.


ἐστρατήγεε. The command in war was a royal prerogative (vi. 56 n.; Ar. Pol. vi. 14. 2 f., 1285 a), but on distant or less important expeditions, it was at times given to private Spartans, e. g. Anchimolius (v. 63) and Brasidas in Thrace. Possibly the number of Spartans sent to Tempe was not great, for Sparta was unwilling to send large forces so far from home (ix. 8-10). For Εὐαίνετος Diodorus (xi. 2) reads Σύνετος, surely by a clerical error (J. H. S. xxii. 305 n.). The polemarchs were, next to the king, the highest Spartan officers (Thuc. v. 66), commanding the λόχοι at Mantinea in 418 B. C. (Thuc. v. 71), and later the μόραι (Xen. Hell. v. 4. 46). Plutarch (de Mal. 31; Mor. 864) adds 500 Thebans under Mnamias.


For Alexander cf. v. 17-22 nn.; viii. 136-40; ix. 44, 45.


ἄλλην: on the passes leading into Thessaly cf. ch. 128. 1 n. Had there been only the mountain path over southern Olympus the Greeks could very well have held it as they did Anopaea (ch. 217), but Xerxes might and probably did use the more distant passes of Petra and Volustana. Cf. App. XX, § 4.

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hide References (4 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (4):
    • Aristotle, Politics, 3.1285a
    • Thucydides, Histories, 5.66
    • Thucydides, Histories, 5.71
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 5.4.46
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