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ὁ ἀπὸ Κύμης. Stein argues from the title ὕπαρχος that Cyme must have been in 480 B.C. the capital of the Ionic satrapy, which included Aeolis (iii. 90. 1), but there is no clear evidence for a satrap of Ionia, independent of the satrap of Sardis (v. 25 n.). The title ὕπαρχος, though it often represents satrap (iii. 70, 120, 126; iv. 166; ix. 113), is also used for the commandant of an island (v. 27), a city, or fortress (vii. 105, 106, and perhaps vii. 33, 78; ix. 116), and for an undergovernor (Thuc. viii. 16; e.g. of Aeolis, Xen. Hell. iii. 1. 10) cf. Meyer, iii, § 29 n. Further, Cyme, at the time of the Ionic revolt, was ruled by a Greek tyrant, Aristagoras (v. 37), who commanded its fleet in the Scythian expedition (iv. 138). Probably, therefore, Sandoces was only governor of the town Cyme or of the district Aeolis.
For a similar anecdote of Cambyses cf. v. 25. ἐς οἶκον: cf. v. 31. 4 n., and for the Persian law cf. i. 137.
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