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πάσχων ... τοιάδε. The denial to Aristodemus of the commonest form of neighbourly good will (‘pati de igne ignem capere,’ Cic. Off. i. 52) shows that his Atimia involved the loss of all rights, and the infliction of the many slights and penalties detailed with gusto by Xenophon (Pol. Lac. ix. 4-6) and Plutarch (Agesilaus, ch. 30). The Spartans who surrendered at Sphacteria were much more lightly punished (Thuc. v. 34); those who lost the battle of Leuctra escaped scot-free (Plut. l. c.).

τρέσας, ‘a runaway or coward’ (Il. xiv. 522; Tyrt. xi. 14 τρεσσάντων δ᾽ ἀνδρῶν πᾶσ᾽ ἀπόλωλ᾽ ἀρετή), became a regular technical term at Sparta for οἱ ἐν τῇ μάχῃ καταδειλιάσαντες (Plut. loc. cit.).

ἀνέλαβε, ‘retrieved,’ ‘made good.’ Cf. v. 121 n.; Soph. Phil. 1248τὴν ἁμαρτίαν αἰσχρὰν ἁμαρτὼν ἀναλαβεῖν πειράσομαι”. For the facts cf. ix. 71.

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hide References (3 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (3):
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 1248
    • Thucydides, Histories, 5.34
    • Homer, Iliad, 14.522
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