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Darius died in the autumn of 486 B. C. and had reigned thirty-six years (Manetho, fr. 68, 69, F. H. G. ii. 595). Ctesias' statement (Pers. 19, p. 69) that he reigned only thirty-one years is worthless. Weissbach, Z. D. M. G. (1901), p. 195 f., esp. 220, and (1908) 629-47, shows that, the death of Artaxerxes being placed in 425-424 (Thuc. iv. 50), his reign being at least forty years and ten months in length, must have begun in 465, and that Xerxes, since he reigned over twenty years (Ptolemaic Canon), must have come to the throne in 486.
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