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ὅκως ... αἱρέοι, ‘when the fancy took him’ (cf. i. 132. 3 n.; iv. 127. 3).

ἅρμα: a light chariot used by the Persian (e.g. Darius at Issus and Arbela; Arrian ii. 11; iii. 15) as by the Assyrian kings for war and the chase, as well as on occasions of state.

ἁρμάμαξαν: a covered wagon used mainly by women (ch. 83. 2; cf. Xen. Anab. i. 2. 16). Aeschylus, Pers. 1000 says Xerxes used σκηναῖς τροχηλάτοις. The practice is ridiculed by Aristophanes, Ach. 70 ἐσκηνημένοι ἐφ᾽ ἁρμαμαξῶν μαλθακῶς κατακειμένοι.

κατὰ νόμον: i. e. upwards, as opposed to the troops mentioned ch. 40. 2, 41. 2.

μύριοι: the so-called ‘Immortals’ (ch. 83).


μῆλα (sc. χρυσέα): so Athen. xii, p. 514 B ἐπὶ τῶν στυράκων μῆλα χρυσᾶ ἔχοντες. These troops were called μηλοφόροι, and seem to be represented on sculptures at Persepolis.

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  • Commentary references from this page (2):
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 1000
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 1.2.16
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