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The phrases ἐπί τε Κάϊκον ... ἀπὸ δὲ Καΐκου, and the mention of Cane, imply that Xerxes took the longer but easier road down the Hermus, and along the coast by Cyme, Myrina, and Elaea, not that over the hills by Lake Gygaea to Thyatira and Germe, and then down the Caicus valley to Atarneus. Cane is the modern Karadagh, the cape opposite Mytilene, forming one extremity of the bay of Adramyttium, Lectum (ix. 114) being the other. For Atarneus cf. i. 160; vi. 28, 29.

Θήβης πεδίου. The beautiful and fertile plain, reaching from the head of the gulf of Adramyttium to Antandrus, is named after the Homeric Θήβη ὑποπλακίη (Il. vi. 396; xxii. 479), the birthplace of Andromache, of which city Strabo (612) saw ruins at the foot of Mount Ida. The chief town of the plain was Adramyttium, where the ejected Delians settled in the Peloponnesian war (Thuc. v. 1; viii. 108). For Adramyttium, Thebe, and Atarneus cf. Leaf, Strabo, pp. 318-29, and for Antandrus, ib. pp. 263-5.

Ἄντανδρον: cf. v. 26.

Πελασγίδα: because Pelasgians once dwelt there (Conon 41; Mela i. 18); cf. Myres, J. H. S. xxvii. 194. Alcaeus (Strabo 606) wrote πρῶτα μὲν Ἄντανδρος Λελέγων πόλις, and Aristotle (Steph. Byz. s.v.) said of Antandrus Ἠδωνίδα διὰ τὸ Θρᾴκας Ἠδωνοὺς ὄντας οἰκῆσαι Κιμμέριδα Κιμμερίων ἐνοικοῦντων ἕκατον ἔτη.


τὴν Ἴδην δὲ λαβών, ἐς ἀριστερήν. With this stopping the meaning is that from Antandrus Xerxes turned inland, and after he had reached or occupied Ida, marched to the left, presumably down the valley of the Scamander to Troy. Xenophon, who marched along this route in the opposite direction from Ophryneum near Rhoeteum, past Troy to Antandrus, also speaks of going over Mount Ida (Anab. vii. 8. 7, 8). (See note, p. 416.)

πρῶτα. The second event is the panic (ch. 43. 2).

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  • Commentary references from this page (2):
    • Thucydides, Histories, 5.1
    • Homer, Iliad, 6.396
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