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Θρήικες: not exactly defined till 2 ad fin. as οἱ ἐν τῇ Ἀσίῃ; cf. ch. 69. 1 and 2. ζειράς: cf. 69. 1. πέδιλα νεβρῶν, ‘deer-skin buskins’; cf. iii. 9. 1. πέλτας. Apparently the first time this light shield, afterwards so famous, appears in history. The European Thracians wore a similar costume suited to the rigour of the climate; Xen. Anab. vii. 4. 4 “οἱ Θρᾷκες τὰς ἀλωπεκᾶς ἐπὶ ταῖς κεφαλαῖς φοροῦσι καὶ τοῖς ὠσί, καὶ χιτῶνας οὐ μόνον περὶ τοῖς στέρνοις ἀλλὰ καὶ περὶ τοῖς μηροῖς, καὶ ζειρὰς μέχρι τῶν ποδῶν ἐπὶ τῶν ἵππων ἔχουσιν, ἀλλ᾽ οὐ χλαμύδας”.
This Thracian invasion of Bithynia may be regarded as a later continuation of the Phrygian immigrations; cf. v. 13. 2; vii. 20. 2 n. and 73.
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