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νησιῶται, usually in H. a wide term, may here signify specially the Cyclades, the νησιωτικὸς φόρος of the Athenian Empire. The small number of the contingent must be explained by the fact that these recently conquered Greeks (cf. vi. 31, 49, 99) were far from loyal to Persia. Indeed some fought on the Greek side (cf. viii. 46, 66). Diodorus (xi. 3) puts the islanders' contingent at fifty ships.

Πελασγικόν. H. apparently forgets that many of the Aegean islands, e.g. Thera (iv. 147), Melos (viii. 48), were Doric. The islands close to Asia Minor are probably to be included in the Ionian, Dorian, and Aeolic, contingents.

ὕστερον: while still in the Peloponnese.

κατὰ τὸν αὐτὸν λόγον, ‘on the same grounds as.’ The criteria that they came from Athens and celebrated the Apaturia (i. 147) applied to these islanders as much as the Ionians of the Dodecapolis, whose claims to be the only true Ionians H. vigorously disputes (i. 143 f.).

On the origin of the Aeolians cf. Apollod. i. 7. 3Αἴολος δὲ βασιλεύων τῶν περὶ τὴν Θεσσαλίαν τόπων, τοὺς ἐνοικοῦντας Αἰολεῖς προσηγόρευσε”. The Aeolians are Pelasgic because Thessaly was reputed an ancient home of the Pelasgi; cf. Pelasgiotis, Pelasgic Argos, &c. Strabo (220) cautiously says τοὺς δὲ Πελασγούς, ὅτι μὲν ἀρχαῖόν τι φῦλον κατὰ τὴν Ἑλλάδα πᾶσαν ἐπιπολάσαν καὶ μάλιστα παρὰ τοῖς Αἰολεῦσι τοῖς κατὰ Θετταλίαν, ὁμολογοῦσιν ἅπαντες σχεδόν τι.

Ἑλλησπόντιοι: in the wide sense (cf. iv. 38. 2 n.; v. 1. 1); apparently ἐκ τοῦ Πόντου (inf.) includes only the same regions, viz. Bosporus, Propontis, and Hellespont. The Ionic (Milesian) colonies were Abydos, Lampsacus, Paesus, Priapus, Cyzicus, Artace, Proconnesus, Perinthus; the Doric (Megarian) Selymbria, Byzantium, Chalcedon. The Aeolic (Sestos, cf. ix. 115 ad fin., and Madytus) are not mentioned probably because they are included in the Aeolians (§ 1).

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    • Pseudo-Apollodorus, Library, 1.7.3
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