previous next

τὴν αὐτὴν ὁδόν: by the same way as he had come; possibly Xerxes and his suite returned from the Thriasian plain by Eleutherae (ch. 65. 1 n.) to Thebes, though next year Mardonius is said to have gone by Decelea and Tanagra (ix. 15), but probably the army used all the practicable routes.

προπέμψαι. Considerations of transport and supply must have made it necessary for Mardonius to retire to Thessaly for winter quarters, and it was now October (ἀνωρίη). Only Artabazus' corps really escorted the king on his homeward way (ch. 126). For the force retained by Mardonius cf. Appendix XIX. 5.

τοὺς ἀθανάτους: cf. vii. 41. 2, 83. 1.

θωρηκοφόρους: cf. vii. 61. 1 n.

τὴν ἵππον τὴν χιλίην: in vii. 40, 41, and 55 it appears that there were two regiments of this strength. For the Medes cf. vii. 62, the Sacae and Bactrians vii. 64, and the Indians vii. 65.

ἓν δὲ ... αἱρέετο, ‘among the nations selected the Persian was in strongest force.’ Cf. Thuc. iii. 39ἀποφαίνω Μυτιληναίους μάλιστα δὴ μίαν πόλιν ἠδικηκότας ὑμᾶς”, iii. 113, viii. 40.

στρεπτοφόρους. For Persian ornaments cf. vii. 83. 2 n.; ix. 80. 2.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide References (1 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (1):
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.39
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: