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Cf. the list of Agiadae, vii. 204. The first king among the ancestors of Leotychides is Theopompus, the seven more immediate ancestors of Leotychides belonging to the younger branch, which gained the throne by the deposition of Demaratus (cf. vi. 65. 2).

Εὐνόμου τοῦ Πολυδέκτεω. It has been held that Eunomus is a mere pseudonym for Lycurgus, who created εὐνομία, and should be ejected from the lists; the order is reversed in Paus. iii. 7. 2; Plut. Lyc. 1; the change in his place in the list is to accommodate his reign to the supposed date of Lycurgus.

Εὐρυφῶντος. Eurypon is the eponymous hero of the Eurypontid house. After him Pausanias, Plutarch (ll. c.), &c., insert Soos; but the insertion seems to be late and designed to make each royal house consist of an equal number of kings.

The emendation ἑπτά, i.e. ζ́ for β́, is necessary. The first king in the line of Leotychides' ancestors is Theopompus, not Hippocratides, and H. (i. 65. 1) agrees with Pausanias (iii. 1) in making Agesicles king. Of course the immediate descendants of Heracles were not kings of Sparta.

Xanthippus is the opponent of Miltiades (vi. 131. 2, 136. 1 n.), ostracized 485-484 B. C. (Ath. Pol. 22), but now returned from exile (ch. 79 n.). Curiously enough another Xanthippus was archon in 479 (Diod. xi. 27; Mar. Par. 52).

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  • Commentary references from this page (2):
    • Aristotle, Constitution of the Athenians, 22
    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 3.7.2
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