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νεκρῶν ... ἐπεκράτεον: this was regarded as a sign of victory (i. 82. 5 f.; Thuc. iv. 97 f.). δρησμὸν δή, ‘at length they resolved’; for the phrase and previous resolution cf. ch. 4. 1 n. The later writers (Isocr. Paneg. § 92; Diod. xi. 12; Plut. Them. 9; de Malign. Herod. 34) put the final resolution of the Greeks to retreat after the arrival of news from Thermopylae. Probably they are right, since the actual retreat did not begin till after the news had come (ch. 21. 2), and the sea-fights had not been so unsuccessful as to justify flight; whereas when Thermopylae fell, it was useless and dangerous to remain at Artemisium.
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