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For birthday feasts cf. i. 133. Plato (Alcib. i, p. 121 C) says that the birthday of the king's eldest son was celebrated with feasting throughout the Empire. τυκτά = Persian tacht. σμᾶται: cf. iv. 73. 2. It would seem that the king, who at all other times appeared in full royal dress crowned with the tiara (cf. vii. 61. 1), on the day of this feast showed his head bare, and, like his companions at table, smeared it with ointments. Πέρσας δωρέεται. For the gifts cf. Thuc. ii. 97; Plut. Alex. 69; Xen. Cyr. viii. 5. 21 and 7. 1; Meyer, iii, § 17; and Esther ii. 18. For the whole scene Matt. xiv. 6-9; Mark vi. 21-6.
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