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ἐτυράννευε: more properly ἐπετρόπευε (vii. 78 ad fin.). τούτου τοῦ νομοῦ: apparently the European (i. e. Thracian) conquests of Darius, the Skurdra of the Nakshi-Rustum Inscription, which may well have formed a satrapy, of which Sestos was the capital and Artayctes the governor (vii. 33. 1 ad fin.), though it is not mentioned in H.'s list (iii. 90 f.), as it had not been conquered at the beginning of Darius' reign, and was lost again by Xerxes. ὕπαρχος is, however, also used of the commandant of a fortress; cf. vii. 194. 1 n.; while νόμος is used of districts smaller than satrapies; ii. 165, 166, &c.; iv. 62. 1, 66. Artayctes is also leader of the Macrones and Mossynoeci (vii. 78); cf. Masistes, vii. 82, ix. 113; Meyer, iii, § 42 n. Protesilaus of Phylace in Phthiotis was slain as he landed on the Trojan shore ( Il. ii. 701 “τὸν δ᾽ ἔκτανε Δάρδανος ἀνὴρ ι νηὸς ἀποθρώσκοντα πολὺ πρώτιστον Ἀχαιῶν”). He was honoured as a hero at Phylace (Pindar, Isthm. i. 58) and generally (cf. Wordsworth, Laodamia) so regarded (Paus. iii. 4. 6), yet at Elaeus he was worshipped as a god (ch. 120. 3; Paus. i. 34. 2). Probably he was a native deity identified with the Greek hero from similarity of name. His oracle, like those of Amphiaraus and Trophonius (with whom Pausanias, i. 34. 2, compares him), was frequented by the sick (Philos. Her. 670, 678 f.). For Elaeus cf. vi. 140. 1 n.
Cf. vii. 5. 2 n. The request for a man's house was so natural that the king had no suspicion of the sacrilege intended. The Persian kings claimed all Asia (i. 4. 4; vii. 11. 4 n.), as did the Sassanids (Dio (epit.) lxxx. 4; Herodian vi. 2. 2).
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