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Decelea, on a hill near Tatoi, commands the road leading from the Attic plain over Mount Parnes to Oropus and Tanagra. The road ascends to the summit of the pass through wooded ravines, but is not difficult. Probably H. only gives us the route of the main column under Mardonius, and the Persians used other passes also (Delbrück, Perserkriege, p. 143 f.).

βοιωτάρχαι, eleven in number, formed the executive of the Boeotian league (Thuc. iv. 91; Oxyr. Papyr. v, p. 171).

Ἀσωπίων, called Parasopii (Strabo 408), = ‘men of the Asopus valley’ who would know the northern side of Parnes and the gorges leading down to the Asopus well, and also the pass into Attica.

Σφενδαλέας, or Sphendale, an Attic deme (Steph. Byz. C. I. A.) on the way to Tanagra (Milchöfer, Karten von Attika, Text. ix. 27 f.).

Σκῶλον: cf. Strabo 408 Σκῶλος δ᾽ ἐστὶ κώμη τῆς Παρασωπίας ὑπὸ τῷ Κιθαιρῶνι, δυσοίκητος τόπος καὶ τραχύς. The little town must have been on the rough ground above the plain, but its site is uncertain. Pausanias (ix. 4. 4) puts it forty stades down the Asopus from the point where the road from Plataea to Thebes crossed the stream. Munro (J. H. S. xxiv. 153-4) follows Leake in placing it near Darimari, and thinks the Persian fort guarded the Asopus where the road from Attica by Panactum crossed it. Grundy (p. 449 n., 463 n.) would place Scolus not far east of the road from Dryoscephalae to Thebes, and the Persian camp, on the Asopus where that road crosses it; this seems the more probable view.

ἐν γῇ ... Θηβαίων. Strabo (409) extends the territory of Thebes over the Asopus to Mount Cithaeron, and includes in it not only Scolus but Erythrae and Scaphae (Eteonus) also. Yet these townships would seem to have been traditionally united to Plataea (cf. vi. 108). They are so regarded by some authorities quoted by Strabo (l. c.) and by Pausanias (ix. 2. 1, 4. 4). At some date before 424 B. C. (perhaps only when Plataea fell in 427) these small places became subject to Thebes, and doubtless remained so till the peace of Antalcidas, 387 B. C. (cf. Oxyr. Papyr. v, p. 171, and notes, pp. 223-7).

ἔκειρε. He had to cut down trees, even fruit-trees (ch. 97), to build his square wooden fort (ch. 65. 1, 70. 1). The fort was not, however, merely a place of refuge; doubtless it commanded the passage of the Asopus, the bridge being further defended on the south side by a bridge-head. Both here and in ch. 65 it is distinguished from the camp, which was clearly larger, and which must have been entirely on the north side of the Asopus.

The sites of Erythrae and Hysiae are still matters of controversy. Munro (l. c.) again follows Leake in placing Hysiae close under Mount Cithaeron, just to the right of the main road from Athens and Eleutherae to Thebes, and Erythrae at Katsula about two miles east of his site for Hysiae. Grundy (pp. 458-60 and 464) would put Hysiae just above Kriekouki and Erythrae above the road from Eleutherae to Thebes. The two towns would thus be within a mile of each other.

H. probably only means that the Persians occupied the valley over against Erythrae and Hysiae, as we find the Greeks in possession of Erythrae a little later (ch. 19. 3).

Attaginus, along with Timagenidas, led the Medizing oligarchy of Thebes (ch. 86. 1, 88).

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