previous next


καὶ συνεσέβαλον. This goes back to an earlier point of time, so that the author may bring out the contrast with the Phocians, who sent their force too late to take part in the invasion of Attica.

Ἀθήνας = Attica; cf. viii. 50. 2, similarly Θήβας (§ 2) for the Theban land.

ἐμήδιζον ... ἀναγκαίης. If the manuscript reading is right it must mean that the Phocians now joined the Persians decidedly (σφόδρα) though unwillingly; but (1) σφόδρα should mean ‘eagerly’, and (2) some Phocians still fought for Greece (ch. 31. 5), and many more were, in H.'s opinion (vii. 203 f., 218 n.; viii. 29 f.), loyal at heart.


Arsaces actually shot down the exiled Delians after this fashion (Thuc. viii. 108).


For Thessalian enmity cf. viii. 29 f. ἄνδρα, which goes with ἀγαθόν, is put forward for emphasis.

παρέχοντας: to hand oneself over as to a doctor. The appeal is made in poetic language; for μόρῳ cf. Aesch. Pers. 444δυσκλεεστάτῳ μόρῳ”, and for ἔρραψαν Hom. Od. xvi. 379φόνον αἰπὺν ἐράπτομεν”.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide References (3 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (3):
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 444
    • Homer, Odyssey, 16.379
    • Thucydides, Histories, 8.108
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: