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The Spartans and Tegeans formed together the right wing. The excuse put forward by the Athenians to explain their own failure to reach their appointed post on the ‘island’ does not hold water (Woodhouse, J. H. S. xviii. 52; Macan, ii. 383). Why should Pausanias after ordering a general retreat expose his own division unsupported to Persian attack? Probably in the end he reached, or all but reached, his appointed station (App. XXII. 6; Macan ii. 382). If he delayed to start, it was probably because he intended himself to cover the retreat of the other divisions, and the Athenians, by their own admission, were not yet moving. It is probable enough that already in 479 B. C. there was mistrust of Sparta at Athens, caused by the delay in sending help, and justified perhaps by the jealousy shown in Sparta's attempts to prevent the rebuilding of the walls of Athens (478 B. C.; Thuc. i. 89 f.; cf. App. XXII ad fin.). Yet the phraseology of H. recalls the charges of treachery current at Athens in the Peloponnesian war, satirized by Aristophanes (Acharn. 308; Pax 1067), and most fully expressed by Eurip. Androm. 446 f. Σπάρτης ἔνοικοι, δόλια βουλευτήρια, | ψευδῶν ἄνακτες, μηχανόρραφοι κακῶν . . . | οὐκ αἰσχροκερδεῖς; οὐ λέγοντες ἄλλα μὲν ι γλώσσῃ, φρονοῦντες δ᾽ ἄλλ᾽ ἐφευρίσκεσθ᾽ ἀεί; H. unconsciously reflects Athenian prejudice (cf. viii. 144. 4 n.) of the kind which made Punica fides proverbial at Rome, and perfide Albion in France.
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