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Only one light-armed soldier is reckoned for each Perioecus and Tegeate; cf. ch. 29. 2 n., but there were seven for each Spartiate (ch. 20. 2 n.).


γέρρα: light wicker shields (vii. 61. 1; Xen. Anab. i. 8. 9; ii. 1. 6). Rüstow supposes that the Persians fixed them in the ground with the help of their short spears, but, as Stein points out, some more elaborate and effective arrangement seems required. They are described as a considerable obstacle to the Greek hoplites (ch. 62. 2, 102. 2, 3) and a real protection for the Persians (ch. 99. 3). It is only when the Greeks have broken through this shield-wall that the Persians are defenceless.

The Heraeum (cf. ch. 52 n.) would be above and behind him, to the left.

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    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 1.8.9
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