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Πότνια in the singular is applied to any goddess just as ἄναξ is to any god; but the plural πότνιαι is used only of the Eumenides (Aesch. Sept. c. Theb. 887; Eum. 951; Soph. Oed. Col. 84), or as here of Demeter and Kore (Oed. Col. 1050; Arist. Thesm. 1149; Paus. ix. 8. 1). Besides the temple of Demeter on Mycale (ch. 101. 1) there was one at Priene, recently excavated by Wiegand (Priene, p. 147 f.), at which the goddesses were called θεσμόφοροι ἁγναὶ πότνιαι (Boeckh, C. I. G. ii. 2907). For Thesmophoria near Ephesus cf. vi. 16. Γαίσων or Γαῖσος is probably the brook running by Domatia south of Mount Mycale, which flows into a marsh bordering on the sea. Ephorus, fr. 91, ap. Athen. 311 E; F. H. G. i. 260; Mela, i. 17; Plin. N. H. v. 31, § 113. Probably the word ποταμόν has fallen out of the text. Σκολοπόεις. Placed by Wiegand (Priene, p. 17), arguing from an inscription at Domatia, on the east bank of the Gaeson, while the Persian stockade, to which perhaps it owes its name, must have been lower down on the west bank (Kiepert, Formae, No. vii n.). For Neleus cf. i. 147. 1. ἕρκος. Diodorus (xi. 34) adds a deep ditch. ἥμερα. The destruction of fruit trees, although there was a large forest close by on the hill, showed reckless disregard of the Milesians' property, but cf. ch. 15. 2 n. If the words bracketed by Krüger be retained in any form, they must mean that the Persians were prepared to stand a siege in defence of their fleet and to strike a blow for victory with their army (cf. 101. 3 ad fin.).
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