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Ἐκράτουν ... διέφθειραν—‘were successful and had disabled.’

φθάνουσιν ... προκαταφυγοῦσαι—aor. partic. here coincident in time with the historic pres. Cf. c. 2, 3 ἔλαθον ἐσελθόντες. αὐτοὺς— = τοὺς ἐν ταῖς ναυσί. ἴσχουσαι— ‘riding at anchor.’

κατὰ—shows the point of the coast. ἴσχω also takes ἐς or dat. παρεσκευάζοντο ἀμυνούμενοιὡς omitted, as in c. 18, 1. al.

Ὕστερον—)(φθάνουσιν. Cf. c. 5, 3, 80. ἐπαιά- νιζον—it was in honour of Apollo, a curious coincidence.

ἄμα πλέοντες—together.

Μετέωρος—in the middle of the gulf.

περὶ ἣν ... φθάσασα . . διωκούσῃ—‘several MSS. omit καὶ περιπλεύσασα. But φθάνειν περί τι does not appear sanctioned by usage.’ Linwood. Probably Thuc. meant περὶ ἣν to be governed by διωκούσῃ, and the ship was struck broadside when in the act of pursuing the enemy round the anchored vessel.

Διώκοντες .. αἱ μέν—cf. 1 above. In διώκοντες ... καθεῖσαι ... ἐπέστησαν ... δρῶντες ... βουλόμενοι, the first partic. is causal to καθεῖσαι, which is temporal to ἐπέστησαν: δρῶντες defines ἐπέστησαν as in c. 90, 1 ἀναγόμενοι ἐπλεον: βουλόμενοι is causal to ἐπέστησαν. ἐπέστησαν τοῦ πλοῦ—lit. stopped in their course. Cf. IV. 47 ἐπετάχυνον τῆς ὀδοῦ. πρὸς τὴν ἐξ . ἀντεξόρμησιν—refers to the 11 ships mentioned in 1 above, which ἴσχουσαι ἀντίπρῳροι παρεσκευάζοντο, ‘as the enemy were near and could charge them.’ Both ἐξ ὀλίγου and δι᾽ ὀλίγου mean ‘suddenly’ or ‘at a short distance.’ Cf. c. 11, 4, 85, 2, 89, 9.

βράχεα—brevia, Verg. Aen. I. 111; found only in Herod. except here.

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    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.47
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