Κυτίνιον τὸ Δωρικόν—c. 95, 1. Οἰνεῶνα αἱρεῖ . . καὶ Εὐπάλιον—the Athenian influence in the W. of Locri was stronger. For the towns see c. 95. (It used to be thought that there is a reversion of the geographical order in the mention of the places; but this has been shown by Woodhouse to be an error.)
γενόμενοι—viz. the force under Eurylochus.
τὰ ἐκ τῆς Αἰτωλίας—ἐκ of the source of the ξυμφορά.
ἐπὶ τῶν νεῶν—for ‘on board their (Acarnanian) ships’ we should expect ἐπὶ τῶν σφετέρων νεῶν. If the text is right, it is probable (as Widmann says) that some of the thirty Athenian ships had not returned home and that c. 98, 5 is therefore inaccurate.
ἐς τὴν . . Καλυδῶνα . . Πλευρῶνα—‘to the Aeolis that is now (so) called, Calydon and Pleuron,’ i.e. to New Aeolis. We know that the name Aeolis was once confined to the territory of Calydon; but Pleuron had been added to it. Calydon and Pleuron are two of the five cities of Old Aetolia mentioned in the Iliad (The usual rendering ‘to Aeolis which is now called Calydon and Pleuron’ really makes no sense, for Thuc. could not refer so to two cities far more famous in the heroic days than in his own.) ἐς τὰ ταύτῃ χωρία—other parts of Old Aetolia.
Proschium is Pylene.
Ἀμπρακιῶται—Amphilochian Argos now belonged to Amphilochians and Acarnanians. But the Ambraciots, who had once possessed it, and had been turned out by the help of Athens, in 437 B.C., wanted to recover it. They had made a vain attempt to do so in 430 B.C. The Ambraciots were in alliance with Sparta. πᾶν τὸ ἠπειρωτικόν—cf. c. 94, 3. In 429 B.C. the Ambraciots had held out hopes to Sparta of acquiring (1) Acarnania (2) Zacynthus and Cephallenia, (3) Naupactus. It is noteworthy that nothing is said this time about the islands, doubtless because the crushing naval defeats the Peloponnesians had sustained from Phormio in 429 and their rough experiences again during the troubles in Corcyra made any project for the acquisition of these islands hopeless. Since the latter events, it is hardly surprising that Athens did not trouble to acquire Leucas (see c. 94, 2).
ἐκστρατευσαμένοις—‘when they (should) have taken the field.’ περὶ τὸ Ἄργος—with βοηθεῖν.