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Μεσσηνίων—objective.

μετὰ τῶν Αἰτωλῶν—i.e. when he had forced them to join.

κατὰ γῆν ἐλθεῖν ἐπὶ Βοιωτούς—this exceedingly bold plan was due to Demosthenes only. No doubt Thuc. heard all about it from D. himself. The territory of the Ozolian Locrians, on the Corinthian gulf, S. of the Apodoti, lay between Naupactus and Phocis. The Locrians were allies of Athens (II. 9).

Κυτίνιον—an important strategieal position, chosen by Philip of Macedon in 339 B.C. It was one of the towns of the ancient Dorian tetrapolis.

Φωκέας—nominally allies of Sparta, but there was a powerful demoeratic party in sympathy with Athens.

οὖν—resuming after the parenthesis, like igitur.

Σόλλιον—probably this Corinthian colony lay some distance from the sea, but possessed a piece of the coast with a harbour.


τριακοσίοις—ten to a trireme, as usual at this period.

ἐστράτευσεν—most probably he sailed up the gulf to Naupactus and thence to Oeneon in Locri where he landed (cf. c. 89, 3). (The site of the latter is fully discussed by Woodhouse, l.c.)


οὗτοι—as distinet from the Opuntian and Epicnemidian Locrians who were allies of Sparta.

ἔδει—‘were to.’ The Locrians showed no alacrity, and seem to have done nothing to help Demosthenes in the expedition. They were not keen allies of Athens (Woodhouse, Aetolia, p. 351).

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    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.9
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