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διαπλεύσας—from Rhegium. ἂν οὐ—unusual order.
πασῶν—the fleet had previously been in three divisions, c. 42, 1.
δεξαμένων—thus they gained their first ally. Τηρίαν—north of Leontini.
τὸν μέγαν λιμένα—it contained docks, probably built by Gelon. ἀπιέναι—for the change from ὅτι to infin., where the infin. contains an exhortation, cf. Andoc. 1, 41 εἰπεῖν ὴμᾶς ὅτι δεδογμένον εἴη . . ἕνα αὐτὸν ἡμῶν εἷναι, ‘he was to be one of us.’ Thuc. IV. 50 πέμψαι=mitterent. This use of the infin. is also common in O.R. in the terms of laws, prayers, and the like, the subject being accus.: this must be distinguished from the rare use of the infin. as imper. with nom. subject, as in v. 9 σὺ . . ἐπεκθεῖν. It must probably be admitted that this infin. with accus. depends in O.R. and O.O. alike on the general idea of an order, or agreement, or prayer, and is identical with the infin. after λέγω in the sense of ‘order’; cf. II. 2 ἀνεῖπεν ὀ κῆρυξ . . τίθεσθαι. But with the nom the infin. is independent, as in our own use on notices. άπιέναι here is clearly connected with κηρῦξαι, as ἐπεὶ ἐκηρύχθη shows.
τοὺς λιμένας—the Great, the Little, and Trogilus. πολεμητέα—the construction with the plur. verbal is ‘essentially Ionic and poetical’ (C. F. Smith). It occurs several times in Thuc., but seldom in other Attic prose.
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