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ἐπ᾽ Ἄργος—an ally of Athens. Classen thinks that the purpose was to make a hostile settlement at Cleonae.

σεισμοῦ—always a source of great alarm at Sparta.


Θυρεᾶτιν—this region was a cause of frequent dispute between Argolis and Sparta. It had been in the possession of Sparta since 495 B.C.

ἔλασσον—for the adverb see c. 1, 2 n. The omission of after it is not very common, but occurs in IV. 72, 2.


Θεσπιέων δῆμος—Thespiae, like Plataea, refused to submit to the Persians. It was always suspected by Thebes of leaning towards Athens, and in 423 Thebes destroyed its walls. No doubt the government was administered in the interests of Thebes.

οὐ κατέσχεν—intrans., ‘did not attain their object’; cf. c. 11, 3.

Ἀθήναζε—it was part of the tradition of Athens, often alluded to in tragedy, to afford shelter to exiles.

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    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.72
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