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οἱ δὲ . . . πρέσβεις—the subj. is again placed first for emphasis, in spite of ὁ Νικίας below. Cf. 3.4.1. It is not common. τότε—as in c. 31.3. μετὰ τὴν τοῦ Π. ἅλωσιν—why would not μετὰ Πλημμύριον ἡ̣ρημένον do? See on c. 28.4, l. 32 οἰχόμενοι—attributive, though not under the art. τοὺς τὴν δ. ἔχοντας—who commanded the route. Κεντόριπας—Centuripa, now Centorbi, a very ancient Sicel town S. W. of Etna, of which it commands a splendid view. Ἀλικυαίους—the only Alicyae known in Sicily is in the N. W. and cannot be meant here. διαφρἠσωσι—a rare word, but well attested by the explanations given of it by ancient grammarians. πειράσειν—see on c. 12.2. In Attic πειρῶμαι=conari, and only Herod. and Thuc. among prose anthors use the act.= conari. Ἀκραγαντῖνοι— the great Sicel leader Ducetrus had attacked Acragas, which sought aid from Syr. 451. But Ducetius defeated the two. Then he was defeated by Syr., and sent to live at Corinth. He was allowed to return in 446, to the disgust of Acragas, which now retained its jealousy of Syr.
ἀφυλάκτοις τε καὶ ἐξαίφνης— the circumstances are differently expressed, as in c. 18.1. Cf. Tacitns An. 1, 23 fletu et pectus atque os manibus verberans.
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