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Beginning of the winter of 426-25 B.C. Further operations of the Athenians in Sicily and on the Italian coast.

οἱ ἐν τῇ Σικελίᾳ Ἀθηναῖοι: continuation of c. 90 and 99.—2.


τῶν Ἑλλήνων ξυμμάχων: sc. τῶν Σικελιωτῶν, who are enumerated c. 86. § 2. For the adj. use of Ἑλλήνων, cf. i. 62. 16; iv. 25. 34; v. 6. 21, and see on c. 95. 2; ii. 36. 13; vi. 62. 9. See Rutherford, New Phrynichus, p. 21; Diener, De Serm. Thuc. p. 43 sq.— 3.

καὶ ὅσοι Σικελῶν: i.e. καὶ μετὰ τούτων τῶν Σικελῶν, ὅσοι—. The Sicels were the barbarian aborigines; the Siceliots the inhabitants of the Greek cities in Sicily.—

κατὰ κράτος ἀρχόμενοι:—βίᾳ ἀρχόμενοι (c. 46. 21). Cf. Plut. Lyc. et Num. 3, [αἱ γυναῖκες] τῶν οἴκων ἄρχουσαι κατὰ κράτος.— ἀρχόμενοι καὶ ξύμμαχοι ὄντες: partics. impf., and as such preceding ἀποστάντες, “being subjects and allies of the Syracusans had now revolted from them.” Regarding the matter, cf. vi. 88. 21.—4.

αὐτοῖς: sc. τοῖς Ἀθηναίοις, with ξυνεπολέμουν. This connexion becomes clearer if, with v. H. (Stud. Thuc. p. 147) ἀπὸ Συρακοσίων be bracketed as an unnecessary gloss.—5.

ἐπ Ἴνησσαν: const. with ἐπελθόντες. This was situated not far from Catana, acc. to Strab. p. 268 c. Cf. vi. 94. 15.—6.

προσέβαλον, ἀπῇσαν: προσέβαλον, with Bk. and some inferior Mss., for προσέβαλλον, since the context requires the comprehensive aor. But ἀπῇσαν is quite in place, since in what follows matters are narrated which occurred during the retreat.

ὑστέροις Ἀθηναίων: after the Athenians. Cf. c. 49. 17.—11.

μετὰ τοῦτο: includes the return to the coast and the voyage back to Rhegium (c. 86. 19; 88. 13; 115. 5), whence the following expeditions set out.— 12.

Λάχης: cf. c. 90. 8.—

ἀποβάσεις τινάς: as already c. 99. 2.—13.

κατὰ τὸν Καικῖνον ποταμόν: on the accent of Καικῖνος, see Göttling, p. 203. This river is without doubt to be distinguished from the Halex (c. 99. 4), although Pausanias (vi. 6. 4) says the same thing of it as Strabo of the Halex, τὴν Λοκρίδα καὶ Ῥηγίνην ὁρίζων. Either the courses of the rivers must have changed, or the boundary must have been different at different times.

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  • Commentary references from this page (6):
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.46
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.49
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.86
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.90
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.95
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.99
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