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Alcidas sails along the coast of Asia Minor as far as Ephesus. His barbarous treatment of captives.

παρέπλει: i.e. southward.—

προσσχών: see App. on i. 15. 3.— 2.

Μυοννήσῳ: Myonnesus promunturium inter Teum Samumque est, Liv. xxxvii. 27. Cf. Strabo, p. 643 (end), Μυόννησος ἐφ̓ ὕψους χερρονησίζοντος κατοικεῖται.— κατὰ πλοῦν: without art., as in vii. 31. 14, corresponding to καθ̓ ὁδόν, ii. 5. 3; v. 3. 14; 37. 6. Cf. ἐν πλῷ. vi. 34. 61.—3.

ἀπέσφαξε: as, acc. to ii. 67. § 4, the custom of the Lacedaemonians was.—

τοὺς πολλούς: part. apposition. G. 914; H. 624 d; Kr. Spr. 57, 8, N. Cf. i. 18. 2.

ἐς τὴν Ἔφεσον καθορμισαμένου: cf. iv. 45. 3; vi. 97. 5; viii. 34. 11; 42. 20. Müller-Strübing (Thuk. Forsch. p. 128 ff.) denies the possibility of Alcidas having anchored at Ephesus, a city belonging to the Athenian alliance, and holds both Ἔφεσον here and Ἐφέσου in c. 33. 1 to be corrupt. But it seems, acc. to Strabo, p. 641 c, that at that time the harbour of Ephesus could not be closed, and so it was improbable that Alcidas could be kept out. See St. Gött. Gel. Anz. 1882, p. 98.—4.

Σαμίων τῶν ἐξ Ἀναίων: see on c. 19. 8.—5.

τὴν Ἑλλάδα ἐλευθεροῦν: this claim of Sparta occurs often. See on c. 13. 35; i. 69. 8.—6.

εἰ . . . διέφθειρεν: the fact expressed in hypothetical form, in tone of reproach. Cf. c. 43. 19; 55. 7; i. 33. 8; 76. 8; 86. 4; iv. 85. 4.—

χεῖρας ἀνταιρομένους: cf. Hdt. vii. 209. 19.—7.

ὑπ̓ ἀνάγκης: only here in Thuc. (but freq. in the poets; see Steph. Thes. s.v.), = ἐξ ἀνάγκης, c. 40. 9; vi. 44. 5; vii. 27. 17. Cf. ὑπὸ σπουδῆς, c. 33. 12.—9.

προσάξεσθαι: will bring over, as in c. 91. 7; i. 99. 8; ii. 30. 7; iv. 86. 3; vi. 22. 4; vii. 7. 8.

ὁρῶντες . . . παραβαλεῖν: on the relation and position of these words, see App.—13.

ἐλπίδα οὐδὲ τὴν ἐλαχίστην εἶχον μή ποτε . . . παραβαλεῖν: ἐλπίδα, expectation, as in ii. 64. 6; 85. 16; 102. 21; vi. 87. 18; vii. 61. 8. For μή with inf., as after a verb of denial, see GMT. 807; H. 1029; Kühn. 516, 3 a. So after ἀπιστεῖν, i. 10. 3; ii. 101. 3; vi. 49. 13; ἀπιστία, c. 75. 18; ἀπορία, ii. 49. 25. Cf. also ii. 93. 14. See on vii. 6. 19.—15.

ἐς Ἰωνίαν παραβαλεῖν: cross over to Ionia. παραβαλεῖν intr., as in Hdt. vii. 179. 3; Dem. xii. 16. So διαβάλλειν, ii. 83. 16. Kühn. 373, 2 a. Cl. rather favours Heilmann's explanation, risk themselves thither, like ἐς Ἰωνίαν παρακινδυνεύειν, c. 36. 11, and παραβάλλεσθαι, risk (as at play), i. 133. 11; ii. 44. 16; Hom. ι 322; τὸν κίνδυνον παραβάλλεσθαι, c. 14. 4; πλείω παραβάλλεσθαι, c. 65. 12; πρόθυμος ἦν παραβάλλεσθαι καὶ παρακινδυνεύειν, Polyb. iii. 90. 6; παραβόλως περαιωθείς, Polyb. i. 11. 9. Cf. παρατίθεσθαι, Hom. β 237; γ 74; ι 255. Though the uni versality of the thought implied in μή ποτε makes it likely that παραβαλεῖν is fut., the aor. after ἐλπίς is not uncommon, c. 3. 14; ii. 80. 10; v. 9. 27; vi. 87. 18.

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    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.13
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    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.33
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