previous next

The Mytileneans whom Paches had sent to Athens as the most guilty are put to death, the walls of the city pulled down, the ships seized, and the whole of Lesbos except the territory of Methymna given to Attic cleruchs, to whom the Lesbians as tenants paid a yearly rental.

Πάχης: mentioned here for the last time in Thucydides. He was accused of shameful deeds of violence toward Lesbian men and women (Agath. Epigr. 57; see Grote, Hist. of Greece, ch. 50), and when brought to trial committed suicide in the presence of his judges. Cf. Plut. Arist. 26; Nic. 6 εὐθύνας διδοὺς τῆς στρατηγίας ἐν αὐτῷ τῷ δικαστηρίῳ σπασάμενος ξίφος ἀνεῖλεν ἑαυτόν.—3. Κλέωνος γνώμῃ: on Cleon's motion, which he doubtless offered in the assembly held for reconsideration. Cf. i. 90. 14; 93. 16; vi. 50. 2.— 4.

χιλίων: Steup thinks this number incompatible with what is stated in c. 28. § 1, 2; 35. § 1, and conjectures τριάκοντα (Λ´ for Ά). See App.— 5.

ναῦς παρέλαβον: i.e. caused to be delivered to them, corresponding to παραδοῦναι on the part of the Lesbians. Cf. i. 19. 5.—6.

κλήρους δὲ ποιήσαντες τῆς γῆς kte(.: see App.

τριακοσίους τοῖς θεοῖς ἱερούς: i.e. the tenth usually consecrated to the gods. ‘The portions of land thus assigned to the gods in ancient. Greece and Rome were considered a part of the property of the state, and like other public lands were usually let out to individuals, who were bound to keep up the sacred buildings, to provide victims and all things necessary for the sacrifices, and to maintain the priests and inferior ministers of the temples.’ Arn. Cf. Arist. Pol. vii. 10. 11; Xen. de Vect. 4. 19, and see Boeckh, P. E. book iii. ch. 2.—9.

τοὺς λαχόντας: those on whom the lot fell. The lands were distributed among a definite number of citizens by lot, ‘doubtless in such a manner that all who wished to participate in the benefit of the distribution voluntarily announced their desire, and then the lot determined who should receive a share.’ Boeckh, P. E. p. 548. See also Schoemann, Gr. Ant. ii. p. 84 f.; Grote, Hist. of Gr. vi. p. 257. Of the 2700 cleruchs thus sent out Boeckh says further (p. 554): ‘Undoubtedly many of them returned home. But a part of them must have remained as a garrison, and probably they together with the original inhabitants composed the body politic.’—10.

ταξάμενοι: getting themselves rated, i.e. engaging to pay. See on c. 70. 19; i. 99. 11.— 11.

δύο μνᾶς: so that the whole rent paid to the cleruchs amounted to 90 talents (2 x 2700 = 5400 minas).—

φέρειν: as i. 99. 11, with two accusatives, δύο μνᾶς being a sort of part. appos. to ἀργύριον. But it is possible to construe ἀργύριον ταξάμενοι, to which the inf. clause adds a more definite explanation. See Cl.'s note on i. 99. 11.

τὰ ἐν τῇ ἠπείρῳ πολίσματα: called in iv. 52. 10 Ἀκταῖαι πόλεις (cf. Kirchhoff, C. I. A. i. p. 23), Antandros being mentioned as the most important.—12.

ὑπήκοον: with change of subj. after καί. See on c. 5. 16.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide References (3 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (3):
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.28
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.5
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.70
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: