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Θουρίαις. Thurii was a lately founded and very mixed colony of Magna Graecia. In vii. 33 (B.C. 413) Thurii is divided into two factions, for and against Athens. The latter faction was expelled. The position must have been subsequently reversed. Δωριεὺς a Rhodian mentioned as Olympian victor (iii. 8). Cf. Xen. Hell. i. 5, 19, Δωριέα ὄντα μὲν Ῥόδιον πάλαι δὲ φυγάδα ἐξ Ἀθηνῶν καὶ Ῥόδου ὑπ᾽ Ἀθηναίων κατεψηφισμένων αὐτοῦ θάνατον κ.τ.λ. He had retired to Thurii, Pausan. vi. 7, 2., Κνίδον a city of the Dorian Hexapolis. In ii. 9, among allies of Athens at the beginning of the war are Δωριῆς Καρσὶ πρόσοικοι, who include Κνίδος. ἀφειστήκει ὑπὸ Τισσαφέρνους The MSS. give ἀπὸ, but Palmer's emendation is certain. If Cnidus had revolted from Tissaphernes, that would be precisely the reason why these ships should not go there, unless to attack it The point of ἤδη is that the place wanted no further bringing over by the Peloponnesians. They are commissioned to guard it. ἀπὸ for ὑπὸ was, in the circumstances of the quasi-passive, a natural error. Indeed, the confusion is common enough (cf. c. 107, § 1). The construction is as with τεθνεώτων ὑπὸ (c. 38, § 3), ἀνίστασθαι ὑπὸ (i. 8), πληγὰς ἔλαβεν ὑπὸ (v. 50), etc.
περὶ Τριόπιον οὔσας, i.e. cruising about it. Τριόπιον Cape Krio, the promontory north of the city (Hdt. i. 174). It is said below to be Ἀπόλλωνος ἱερόν. So Scylax (fourth century B.C.) calls it ἀκρωτήριον ἱερόν. Cf. Hdt. i. 144, τοῦ Τριοπίου Ἀπόλλωνος. τὰς ἀπ᾽ Αἰγύπτου i.e. the ships bringing corn-supplies to Athens. Triopium is the point which they would leave to cross the Aegean after a coasting voyage from Egypt. προσβαλλούσας attributive (despite its position) rather than ‘as they put in.’ Cf. c. 36, § 1, the position of διαρπασθέντα; vii. 23, αἱ πρὸ τοῦ στόματος νῆες ναυμαχοῦσαι. This position is common in all good Greek where there is a defining participle which is itself accompanied by further specification. Madvig, Gr. Synt. § 9 a, Rem. 1.
ἀτειχίστῳ οὔσῃ. Cf. c. 31, § 3; c. 41, § 2; c. 44, § 2.
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